But over the years, there are tons of alternatives for Protractor that have come into the market. One of them is the TestGrid web & mobile automation tool which is far superior, advanced, and offer end to end testing at one single platform . As a result, TestGrid has made testers’ jobs easier as testing now consumes less time from their schedule.
This is a complete in-depth article about what Protractor is, why it is d used for testing. Then we will also understand what the reasons which make Protractor less relevant in 2022 are and why TestGrid is a far better option than Protractor.
So read the article till the end and meet you at the conclusion.
What Is Protractor?
Protractor is an automation and end-to-end behavior-driven testing tool that plays an essential role in testing AngularJS applications. It also works as a solution integrator, combining powerful technologies such as Selenium, Jasmine, Web driver, and others.
Protractor Testing is used not only to test AngularJS applications but also to write automated regression tests for standard Web Applications.
It combines the power of various technologies such as NodeJS, Selenium Webdriver, Jasmine, Mocha, Cucumber, and others to provide a robust automation test suite capable of Cross Browser Testing for web applications.
Why Is Protractor Used?
It becomes difficult for the Testers to test the web application for various scenarios in such a situation.
Using JUnit or Selenium WebDriver to capture web elements in AngularJS applications can sometimes be challenging.
Protractor, which was also introduced by Google, has many users worldwide and is used by these people to automate tests for their angular websites.
Some Key Reasons Why Protractor Is Effective For Automation?
#01 Executes End-to-End Functional Testing
While other testing frameworks provide unit testing for Angular web apps, Protractor enables testers to perform automated functional testing on Angular web apps using Selenium WebDriver.
In addition, it enables testing of all application layers, resulting in high-quality, functionally robust software.
#02 Functions Testing Across Browsers
Protractor simulates user interactions with browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera, and Yandex.
It accomplishes this with the help of Selenium WebDriver Browser Drivers such as ChromeDriver, GeckoDriver, SafariDriver, and others. This provides more excellent coverage for Cross Browser Testing.
#03 Provides Flexibility By Supporting Multiple Api Binding Languages.
#04 Asynchronous Test Execution Is Supported.
Protractor supports asynchronous execution via Callbacks, Promises, and Async/Await to improve performance and speed. Thus, comprehensive End to End Testing on Angular web apps can be completed in a short period of time.
#05 Supports Automatic Waiting
Protractor provides testers with the Automatic Waiting feature, eliminating the need for wait(s) and sleep(s) in the code. With the webpage completing the ongoing pending tasks, it can automatically execute the next step in the test.
Therefore, there is no need to wait for the test and the web page to sync when using Protractor.
#06 Identify Web Elements With Advance Html Attributes
Web elements using advanced HTML attributes such as ng-controller, ng-repeater, ng-model, and so on cannot be easily tested for various Angular-based web applications, hampered overall functional testing.
However, selenium cannot evaluate these HTML attributes because they are not present in the Selenium Locators.
Using these attributes, Protractor aids in identifying and testing web elements. This is why, for automated end-to-end testing of Angular-based web applications, Protractor is used as a wrapper over Selenium WebDriver.
#07 Real Devices Cloud Support For Broader Coverage.
Protractors can be used to test Cross Browser Compatibility for a wide range of devices using a Real Device Cloud when running tests on a remote server.
BrowserStack’s real device cloud gives you access to a fleet of 2000+ desktop browsers and real mobile devices such as the iPhone, iPad, Galaxy, OnePlus, Pixel, Xiaomi, and Redmi, to name a few.
#08 End Of Protractor Development
According to the Protractor announcement on Github, the Angular team will discontinue the development of Protractor in conjunction with Angular v15 by the end of 2022.
This means that users must migrate away from Protractor because the framework will no longer be updated. This also means that the Angular team will not consider any bugs or feature requests. As a result, users may experience disruptions in their automation scripts if they continue to use Protractor.
However, the Protractor team has established a timetable that allows users to investigate alternatives and migrate their tests accordingly.
Why has Protractor Deprecated?
Given this, if the Protractor team continued to support the framework, they may have needed to reshape the current architecture and code, which would have impacted existing users and tests.
Protractor has not come up with the updates that would bring new features, frameworks, or fixing bugs, which is not a good sign as proper testing is not done in that case, and it leads to security issues that are not great for the application.
Protractor’s current state: Protractor is dependent on the selenium-web driver and cannot upgrade to the new version without introducing a significant breaking change and forcing users to migrate all of their tests.
Web Testing Environment: There are various testing solutions available today, and they provide improved stability and support for features such as cross-browser testing.
5 Reasons Why Protractor Is Not Relevant In 2022
#01 Protractor Is Overly Complicated.
When something goes wrong, Protractor adds thousands of lines of code on top of a massive selenium-web driver library, and you have no idea why or where the bug occurred.
WebElements are exposed in tests by Protractor. Instead of controlling a browser, you only control some HTML elements on a page. However, because your browser is executed externally, you can’t get direct access to those elements from a test.
Wrapping hundreds of elements, calling commands, and filtering and mapping them takes you out of the testing scope. You spend the majority of your time-fighting web elements rather than writing tests.
#02 Angular Does Not Require The Use Of A Protractor.
Protractor began as an essential tool for the AngularJS framework. When there was no React or VueJS, it was the most popular framework for single-page applications. Angular is still widely used, but you don’t need Protractor to test an Angular application.
Protractor for Angular’s only distinguishing feature was synchronization. Before taking any action on the page, Protractor waits for Angular to finish rendering. This worked well in the AngularJS 1 era, but it is becoming less stable as Angular evolves.
Modern Single Page Applications are built around components, and there is no single point of truth for determining whether or not a component has finished rendering.
#03 Protractor Is Out Of Date
For a few years, Protractor was not actively updated. There have been no significant enhancements, bug fixes, or documentation updates. However, there are a lot of old issues in the main repo, and there hasn’t been any movement in commits in a few months.
It also lost contact with its direct dependency, Selenium WebDriver JS. Protractor works on the official Selenium WebDriver library, which is used to drive browsers via the W3C protocol.
However, Selenium WebDriver has not been updated in two years, and they are now on version 4.0.
However, Protractor was not actively developed for those years so you may encounter outdated documentation and long-lasting unsolved issues. Instead, Protractor is almost ready to switch to this version, but end-users are still concerned as they might need to rewrite all their tests.
TestGrid Vs. Protractor: Why Use TestGrid As Protractor Alternative?
TestGrid offers an integrated set of tools that enables you to rapidly create, execute & continuously refine automated tests in a no-code environment.
TestGrid offers cloud-based automation, cross-browser automation testin˙, instruction, and reports in simple English so a person with even low knowledge of coding can conduct the website or mobile application testing.
TestGrid is more advanced than a protractor with tons of features, extensive reports, the maximum number of test cases, regular updates, excellent customer support, and tons of other features.
Let us see some of the features of TestGrid, which will show why TestGrid is far better than a protractor.
#01 No prerequisite
With TestGrid, you can begin your career in software testing without any technical background or programming or coding knowledge. You can learn it quickly and easily by testing it with TestGrid.
#02 Cloud Infrastructure + On Premise Support
You can easily scale your software testing business with the help of the browser and mobile device’s cloud infrastructure and remote access for manual and automation testing that comes with TestGrid.
Moreover if you are concerned about the security of your data TestGrid will help you setup your private infrastructure lab and even manage it for you to help you test in a no code environment suing the TestGrid AI platform capabilities.
#03 AI + No-code Automation
Automate test cases using simple keywords and use our AI to auto-heal and access the code.
#04 Robotic Test Automation
Robotic Arms is built on open source components that help automate POS devices, OTT devices, etc.
Auto generates a SAST report on every build execution and supports DAST reports as well.
#06 Support Language
Test cases in TestGrid are in simple and easy to understand English.
#7 Integration Testing
Test mobile or web applications end to end with network assertions and their supporting APIs.
Our solution eliminates the need for multi SaaS provider subscriptions, different skill sets,
expensive infrastructure, etc. This saves enormous costs for our clients.
#09 Native Mobile Support
Supports scriptless automation test cases for Mobile. Generates XCUITest, Appium, and Espresso Code. Browser-based test case execution on real physical devices.
#10 Support Maximum Test Cases
Support different types of test cases; it supports visual testing, GPS Based Testing –
iOS, API Performance, Functional Testing, Interruption Testing, performance testing, GPS Based Testing – Android.
This is your one-stop-shop for all your automation testing needs. No more headaches of
maintaining multiple softwares, etc.
#12 Faster Ops
Typically it took teams somewhere between 6 months to a year for a full-blown ops setup.
With the introduction of TestOS, this has been significantly brought down to a few weeks.
Other Protractor Alternative
Benefits of Cypress
- Cypress runs in its own window and captures snapshots as the tests run. Hover your mouse over commands in the Command Log to see what happened in each step.
- Debuggability: Cypress provides several debugging options, including logging, browser developer windows, and detailed stack traces.
- Automatic Waiting: With Cypress, you do not need to specify an exact wait time. Before executing the following command, Cypress waits for commands and assertions.
- Spies, Stubs, and Clocks: Cypress supports spies, stubs, and clocks, which aid in the verification and control of functions, server responses, and timers.
- Network Traffic Control: Cypress provides several methods for controlling network traffic, allowing users to test edge cases.
- Consistent Results: Cypress employs its browser control strategy. It is comparatively fast, consistent, and runs flake-free tests.
- Screencaptures and Videos: Cypress includes tools for taking screenshots and recording videos. This option is available on the command line, also known as the Cypress CLI.
Limitations of Cypress
- Multiple Tabs: Cypress does not support multiple tabs or switching between Parent and Child windows.
- Native Mobile Apps: Native mobile app automation is not supported by Cypress.
- Iframe Support: Cypress’s iframe support is limited.
- Cypress does not support parallel or concurrent execution of tests on the same or multiple browsers.
- Single Origin Tests: Users are not permitted to create tests with multiple origins or URLs. Tests must always be performed in accordance with a single origin.
- Selector Support: Cypress only natively supports CSS selectors, but there are third-party packages that can be plugged in to use XPath.
- Assertion Libraries: Cypress only supports the assertion libraries Mocha and Chai.
- Third-party authentication: When testing third-party authentication mechanisms such as SSO or Active Directory login, these functions cannot be automated. To create login sessions, QAs must use API calls.
WebdriverIO is a free and open-source end-to-end automation framework for web and mobile applications.
WebdriverIO uses selenium bindings. WebdriverIo is managed by the OpenJS foundation and adheres to the architectural standards of the W3 framework.
Even though WebdriverIO uses Selenium bindings, it provides a ready-made framework with a simple setup and configuration. In addition, WebdriverIO allows testers to build a scalable, robust, and stable test suite.
Benefits of WebdriverIO
- WebdriverIO is extensible, allowing you to add helper functions or combine complex commands to create your own functions.
- WebdriverIO supports multiple significant browsers, including Chrome, Edge, and Firefox.
- WebdriverIO supports a wide range of operating systems, including Mac and Windows.
- Support for Mobile Apps: This is a unique feature of WebdriverIO. It allows for the testing of mobile applications. Specific configurations can be used to test mobile applications.
- Assertion Library: WebdriverIO supports a variety of assertion libraries, including Jasmine, Mocha, and others.
- Multiple Window and Iframe Support: WebdriverIO can automate scenarios that include multiple tabs, windows, and iframes.
Limitations of WebdriverIO
- Setup: If the user configures a Typescript web driver, it may take some time.
- Documentation: While there is good documentation, it may be insufficient for newcomers.
- Syntax: Syntax can be perplexing if you’ve worked on other tools.
Because TestCafe is based on NodeJS, it requires the installation of NodeJS runtime executables to run TestCafe scripts.
Benefits of TestCafe
- Simple installation: Installing TestCafe is simple and quick.
- TestCafe does not rely on third-party libraries such as Webdriver or external jars.
- Simple Test Script Creation: Command chaining techniques in TestCafe make testing simple. It employs friendly and straightforward syntax, allowing the number of lines (required by other frameworks) to be cut in half.
- Request Mocking: Using TestCafe, you can simulate HTTP responses, feed sample data into the application, analyze connectivity issues, and detect downtime cheats.
- Multiple Tab/Window Support: TestCafe includes features that automate the user action of switching between multiple windows/tabs.
- Iframe Support: TestCafe supports iframes and allows users to navigate to and from them.
- Parallel Testing: TestCafe tests can be run parallel by enabling concurrency mode.
- There are no external waits because TestCafe waits for an element to appear before interacting, so it is unnecessary to use them.
- Browser Compatibility: TestCafe is compatible with a wide range of browsers, including Edge, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Chromium-based browsers.
- Debuggability: TestCafe includes a Live Mode that allows you to visualize individual browser actions.
- Screenshots: TestCafe allows you to capture screenshots of your tests using the built-in screenshot commands.
Limitations of TestCafe
- Assertion Libraries: Only built-in assertion libraries are supported by TestCafe.
- Support for CSS Selectors: By default, TestCafe only supports CSS selectors.
- Test execution: Browsers are unaware that they are in test mode. As a result, there is a chance that automation control will be disrupted. However, it can be difficult to analyze or debug problems that arise due to such a scenario.
Although Playwright is still in its early stages, the framework has gained thousands of users due to existing features.
Benefits of Playwright
- Browser Compatibility: Playwright is compatible with all major browsers, including Chrome, Safari (Webkit), Edge, and Firefox.
- Safari Testing on Windows and Linux: WebKit open source builds for Windows, Linux, and macOS are supported by Playwright for testing the Safari browser in Windows. CI pipelines also support these capabilities.
- Headless/Headed mode: Both headless and headed modes are supported by Playwright. The headed mode can be used for debugging, whereas the headless mode is better suited for CI/cloud executions due to its faster speed.
- APIs for auto-waiting: The playwright waits for elements to be ready for interaction. This feature makes tests easier to run and reduces flakiness.
- Parallelization: A single browser instance can be used for multiple parallelized, isolated execution environments through simple configuration.
- Support for element selectors: The Playwright can rely on user-facing text content and accessibility labels to select elements.
- Cross-domains, pages, and frames: Playwright has no restrictions on a domain, new windows, or iframes. The main disadvantage of Cypress is addressed in Playwright.
- Stub and Mock Network Requests: Playwright supports network interception in order to stub and mock network requests.
- Playwright supports a variety of methods for interacting with modern web components, including shadow-piercing selectors, geolocation, permissions, web workers, and other modern web APIs.
- Playwright supports edge cases like file downloads and uploads, iframes, native input events, and dark mode.
- Debugging tools: Playwright includes several debugging tools, including an editor debugger and browser developer tools.
- Language Support: Playwright supports a variety of programming languages, including Node.js, Python,.NET, and others.
- Selectors: Playwright supports a variety of selectors, including CSS and Xpath selectors.
Limitations of Playwright
- The Playwright is a relatively new tool, so community support is limited.
- Still Evolving: Because Playwright APIs are still evolving, writing end-to-end tests may present some challenges. For example, if you run into problems, you can file a bug or feature request in Git to have them fixed.
- Inadequate Safari Browser Support: Playwright allows you to run tests on WebKit (open-source), which isn’t the same as Safari.
We are sure after reading this article you will think seriously about shifting to a protractor alternative like TestGrid.
One of the best alternatives for a protractor is TestGrid, without any doubt. You get all the features one needs in the testing tool.
Features like cloud infrastructure, no/less code automation testing, cross-browser testing, supports maximum test cases compared to other tools in the market, cross-platform integration, and excellent community support.
The list will go on and on as we at TestGrid have the best developers. They continuously add more features and provide regular updates, enhancing our clients’ automation testing experience. Our motto is to provide the best in value product for our clients, and we have done it successfully.
So don’t waste your time, money, and resources with the wrong testing tool switch to testGrid
Q1 What Can I Use Instead Of Protractor?
Protractor alternatives are TestGrid, Cypress, WebdriverIO, TestCafe, Test Sigma, and many more are available for automation testing.
Q2 Why Should You Not Use Protractor?
#01 Protractor Is Overly Complicated.
#02 Angular Does Not Require The Use Of A Protractor.
#03 Protractor Is Out Of Date
#04 Do not provide updates regularly
Q3 Is Protractor Only Angular?
No, Protractor can be easily used for non-angular applications as well.
Q4 Which Application Is Best For Angular Application?
TestGrid is by far one of the best angular applications in the industry. It comes with features like cloud infrastructure, no/less code automation testing, and cross-browser testing.
It supports maximum test cases compared to other tools in the market, cross-platform integration, excellent community support, etc.
TestGrid developers leave no stone unturned to provide the best in industry features and try their level best to make the tedious process of testing more and more easy.
Today with TestGrid, even a person with no prerequisite can conduct testing. And we continue to add more and more features.
If you are looking for the best value tool for automation testing, you should blindly go for TestGrid.
Go and check the TestGrid tool now.
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